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COMMON NAME:

Artemesia tridentata ssp. tridentata

Basin Big Sage

BOTANICAL NAME:

WIDTH RANGE:

N/A

13 Feet

HEIGHT:

FLOWER SEASON:

Fall

NATIVE LOCATION:

A variety of habitats in their range, including washes, gravelly or sandy slopes, shrubland and woodland, often growing intermixed with other shrubs. Eastern slopes of the Sierra Nevada and the deserts of California, east to Texas and south into Mexico.

COMMON NAME:

Purshia tridentata

Bitter Brush

BOTANICAL NAME:

WIDTH RANGE:

N/A

2-4 Feet

HEIGHT:

FLOWER SEASON:

Fall

NATIVE LOCATION:

Adapted to well-drained fertile or infertile shallow soils on benches, lower slopes and plains. Palatability is poor for cattle, fair for sheep and good for wildlife. Provides valuable cover for birds and small mammals. Blooms in the fall.

COMMON NAME:

Pseudoroegneria spicata

Bluebunch Wheatgrass

BOTANICAL NAME:

WIDTH RANGE:

1.5 Feet

2-3 Feet

HEIGHT:

FLOWER SEASON:

Spring

NATIVE LOCATION:

It is a perennial shrub to parts of California, Nevada, Utah Arizona, and New Mexico in the U.S. and Sonora and Baja California in Northwest Mexico. It grows well in alkaline soil, both sandy or clay, usually in the company of creosote bush scrub and desert chaparral habitats, from 150–25,000 meters (490-8,200 ft) in elevation.

COMMON NAME:

Atriplex canescens

Fourwing Saltbush

BOTANICAL NAME:

WIDTH RANGE:

3-7 ft

1-10 ft

HEIGHT:

FLOWER SEASON:

Spring/Summer

NATIVE LOCATION:

A species of evergreen shrub in the Amaranthaceae family that is native to the western United States. Fourwing saltbush has a highly variable form and readily hybridizes with several other species in the Atriplex genus. The degree of polyploidy also results in variations in form. Its height can vary from 1 foot to 10 feet, but 2 to 4 feet is most common. 

COMMON NAME:

Sarcobatus vermiculatus

Greasewood

BOTANICAL NAME:

WIDTH RANGE:

4-10 ft

6-10 ft

HEIGHT:

FLOWER SEASON:

Spring

NATIVE LOCATION:

A native shrub that grows in northern, southern and central California. It is fast growing and long-lived. It grows in an irregular form to a height of 10 feet, with active growth during the summer. Flowers are green and bloom in the spring. Leaves are light green and deciduous. It tends to grow in alkaline soils, dry lakes and washes at elevations from 300-6900 feet.

COMMON NAME:

Leymus cinerius

Great Basin Wildrye

BOTANICAL NAME:

WIDTH RANGE:

N/A

3.5-7 ft

HEIGHT:

FLOWER SEASON:

Summer

NATIVE LOCATION:

This is a perennial grass forming large, tough clumps up to 2 meters tall and sometimes exceeding one meter in diameter. It has a large, fibrous root system and sometimes small rhizomes. The flower cluster is an unbranched, cylindrical spike divided into up to 35 nodes with several flower spikelets per node.

COMMON NAME:

Distichlis spicata

Inland Saltgrass

BOTANICAL NAME:

WIDTH RANGE:

N/A

1-1.5 ft

HEIGHT:

FLOWER SEASON:

Summer

NATIVE LOCATION:

This grass is native to the Americas, where it is widespread. It can form dense, monotypic stands. It is an erect grass that occasionally approaches half a meter in height but is generally shorter. It spreads to occupy suitable areas. The solid, stiff stems have narrow leaves up to 10 centimeters in length that may be crusted with salt in saline environments, excreting salts from its tissues via salt glands.

COMMON NAME:

Artemesia tridentata ssp. vaseyana

Mountain Big Sage

BOTANICAL NAME:

WIDTH RANGE:

3-6 ft

5-10 ft

HEIGHT:

FLOWER SEASON:

Fall/Winter

NATIVE LOCATION:

An aromatic shrub from the family Asteraceae that grows in arid and semi-arid conditions, throughout a range of cold desert, steppe and mountain habitats in the Intermountain West of North America.

COMMON NAME:

Amelanchier alnifolia

Serviceberry

BOTANICAL NAME:

WIDTH RANGE:

1.5-2 ft

1.5-3 ft

HEIGHT:

FLOWER SEASON:

Summer

NATIVE LOCATION:

Beautiful shrub that grows primarily in northern California and the Sierra mountains. It tends to grow in well-drained open places and hillsides at elevations from 200-8500 feet. It is an important food source for birds and animals.

COMMON NAME:

Elymus trachycaulus

Slender Wheatgrass

BOTANICAL NAME:

WIDTH RANGE:

N/A

3-5 ft

HEIGHT:

FLOWER SEASON:

Spring

NATIVE LOCATION:

A species of wild rye native to much of North America, where it grows in widely varied habitats from northern Canada to Mexico. It is variable in appearance, but generally bears a very narrow, linear flower cluster of spikelets appressed against the stem.

COMMON NAME:

Thinopyrum ponticum

Tall Wheatgrass

BOTANICAL NAME:

WIDTH RANGE:

N/A

3-10 ft

HEIGHT:

FLOWER SEASON:

Spring

NATIVE LOCATION:

Tall wheatgrass is one of the most saline or alkali tolerant cultivated grasses. Because of its late maturing characteristic, tall wheatgrass provides a long grazing period.

COMMON NAME:

Elymus lanceolatus ssp. 

Thickspike Wheatgrass

BOTANICAL NAME:

WIDTH RANGE:

N/A

2-4 ft

HEIGHT:

FLOWER SEASON:

Summer

NATIVE LOCATION:

A perennial, low growing, rhizomatous grass that actively grows in summer and spring. The plant thrives under irrigation or in areas with 200-500 millimeters (8-20 inches) of annual precipitation.

COMMON NAME:

Pascopyrum smithii

Western Wheatgrass

BOTANICAL NAME:

WIDTH RANGE:

N/A

1-4 ft

HEIGHT:

FLOWER SEASON:

Summer

NATIVE LOCATION:

A sod-forming rhizomatous perennial grass that is native that grows in grassland and prairie. It is good for grazing livestock. It is used for revegetation of disturbed and overgrazed habitat, and many cultivars have been developed to suit various conditions.

COMMON NAME:

Artemesia tridentata ssp. wyomingensis

Wyoming Big Sage

BOTANICAL NAME:

WIDTH RANGE:

2-8 ft

3-10 ft

HEIGHT:

FLOWER SEASON:

Fall/Winter

NATIVE LOCATION:

Big sagebrush plants provide many additional benefits to the plant community. The dense canopy protects understory herbaceous plants from grazing. Healthy sagebrush communities provide a multitiered ecosystem with high levels of biodiversity.

COMMON NAME:

Shepherdia argentea

Buffaloberry

BOTANICAL NAME:

WIDTH RANGE:

N/A

1-3 Feet

HEIGHT:

FLOWER SEASON:

Fall

NATIVE LOCATION:

Winterfat occurs in dry valley bottoms, on flat mesas, and on hillsides, at elevations between 2,400 and 9,300 feet. It is drought resistant and intolerant of flooding, excess water or acidic soils.

COMMON NAME:

Sueda Nigra

Bush Seepweed

BOTANICAL NAME:

WIDTH RANGE:

3 ft

3-5 ft

HEIGHT:

FLOWER SEASON:

Spring

NATIVE LOCATION:

Native to much of western North America, from central Canada through the Western United States, Great Basin, the Mojave Desert in California and into northern Mexico. It grows in many types of habitat with saline and alkaline substrates, such as desert flats, playas and seeps. It is mostly an inland species but it is occasionally seen in coastal areas, such as estuaries.

COMMON NAME:

Cercocarpus ledifolius

Curleaf Mahogany

BOTANICAL NAME:

WIDTH RANGE:

5 – 10 ft

6 ft – 32 ft

HEIGHT:

FLOWER SEASON:

Winter/Spring

NATIVE LOCATION:

This plant is distributed across western North America where it grows on low mountains and slopes.  Supports many species of bird and butterfly life.